The consideration of getting green energy or clean energy upheaval is gaining more amazing headway than expected. Solar and wind power have seen outstanding expense declines, and EVs or electric vehicles are surprising the market.

While there is a slight degree of hybrid between clean energy and environmentally friendly power energy, they are not actually something similar. Clean energy is the energy gotten from inexhaustible, zero-emanation sources that don’t dirty the climate as well as save energy by energy proficiency measures.

India’s declaration that it means to arrive at net zero emissions by 2070 and to meet half of its power necessities from environmentally friendly power sources by 2030 is a hugely significant moment for the global fight against climate change. India is spearheading another model of monetary improvement that could keep away from the carbon-concentrated approaches that numerous nations have sought previously – and give an outline to other developing economies.


The government of India has set targets to reduce India’s total projected carbon emission by 1 billion tonnes by 2030, reduce the carbon intensity of the nation’s economy by less than 45% by the end of the decade, achieve net-zero carbon emissions by 2070 and expand India’s renewable energy installed capacity to 500 GW by 2030.

The country has set an ambitious target to achieve a capacity of 175 GW worth of renewable energy by the end of 2022, which expands to 500 GW by 2030. This is the world’s largest expansion plan is in renewable energy.

India’s installed renewable energy capacity has increased 286% in the last 7.5 years and stands at more than 151.4 Giga Watts (including large Hydro), which is about 39 per cent of the country’s total capacity (as of 31st December 2021). The installed solar energy capacity has increased by 17 times in the last 7 years and stands at 49.5 GW. The installed Renewable energy capacity (including large hydro) has increased from 76.37 GW in March 2014 to 151.4 GW in December 2021, i.e. an increase of around 98%.

India has achieved its NDC (National Development Council) target with a total non-fossil based installed energy capacity of 158.17 GW which is 40.2% of the total installed electricity capacity.

India direly needs to expand its portion of substitute practical sources to create energy. As of 31st January 2022, 60% of India’s power age came from non-sustainable petroleum derivatives – diesel, gas, coal and lignite. As indicated by the Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, India positions third on its rundown for carbon ozone harming substance discharges, representing 2.46 billion metric lots of fossil fuel byproducts every year, which is 6.8% of the worldwide aggregate. India discharged 2.88 gigatonnes of CO2 yearly starting around 2019. To fulfil its energy needs, India is assessed to have imported around 180-190 metric lots of coal in FY22. In FY22, until February, India imported 193.5 million tons of raw petroleum worth US$ 105.8 billion.

What is Green & Clean Energy?

A change to clean energy is a gigantic financial opportunity. India is especially all-around set to turn into a worldwide forerunner in inexhaustible batteries and green hydrogen. These and other low-carbon advancements could make a market worth up to $80 billion in India by 2030. Support from the worldwide local area is fundamental for assisting with moving India’s advancement onto a low-carbon way.

Clean energy is the energy acquired from sources that deliver air poisons, while environmentally friendly power energy is gotten from regular sources. Sustainable power is created from sources that are continually being recharged. Dissimilar to petroleum products and gas, these environmentally friendly power assets in all actuality do run out and incorporate breeze and solar energy. Notwithstanding, while most efficient power energy sources are viewed as sustainable, not all sustainable power sources are seen as green. The ideal clean energy blend happens where efficient power energy meets sustainable power.

Accomplishing net-zero isn’t just about diminishing ozone harming substance outflows. India’s energy progress requirements to help its residents, and very much planned approaches can restrict the potential compromises between reasonableness, security and manageability. Green hydrogen will assume a significant part in accomplishing the net-zero and decarbonising the hard-to-decrease areas. India means to turn into a worldwide centre point for green hydrogen creation and products. India could without much of a stretch make a 5 million ton green hydrogen request in this way supplanting dim hydrogen in the processing plants and compost area. This 5 million tonnes will bring about a reduction of 28 million tons of CO2. This extent will develop as we fructify a green hydrogen economy
and will bring about 400 million tons of CO2 reduction by 2050.

As a large developing economy with over 1.3 billion people, India’s climate adaptation and mitigation ambitions are not just transformational for India but for the entire planet. NITI Aayog and IEA are committed to working together to enable India to grow, industrialize and provide a better quality of life to its citizens without the need to carbonize.

Renewable Energy Projects in India

Total Installed Capacity as of 31st December 2021(GW) – 151
Total Target installation capacity by 2030 (GW) – 500

Development of Renewable Sources of Energy

  1. Solar Energy
    India’s solar energy potential is huge. The solar power introduced limit has expanded more than 19 times, from 2.63 GW in March 2014 to 50.3 GW toward the end of January 2022. Moreover, between April-December 2021, India added 7.4 GW of sunlight based power limit, up 335% YoY. India stood fifth around the world regarding the greatest introduced limit of solar energy roof establishments. Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana and Maharashtra represent 57.56% of the sun based roof establishments in India as of January 2022. Off-late the solar power is likewise expanding quickly in India, with deals of 329,000 off-network sun oriented items in the primary portion of 2021. The Bhadla Solar Park in Rajasthan’s Jodhpur locale is the biggest solar power plant on the planet. The power plant, which traverses 14,000 sections of land, is completely functional and has a limit of 2,250 MW.
  2. Hydro Energy India overtook Japan to turn into the country with the fifth-biggest hydropower creation limit on the planet with an all-out introduction limit of over 51.35 GW. India has tremendous potential in the hydropower area, which is being investigated across different states, particularly in the upper east. The installed limit from huge hydro projects in India expanded from 35.9 GW in March 2008 to 46.5 GW as of December 2021, while the limit from little hydro plants expanded four-crease to 4.8 GW in a similar period.
  3. Wind Energy India has the fourth-most noteworthy wind installed capacity overall across the globe with an absolute installed capacity of 39.25 GW. In 2021, India added 1.45 GW of wind energy capacity, a 30% YoY increment over the 1.11 GW limit added in 2020. Tamil Nadu drives the nation as far as the wind energy limit at 9.8 GW. As indicated by another report by GWEC and MEC Intelligence (MEC+), somewhere in the range between 2021 and 2025, India is supposed to introduce around 20.2 GW of wind energy limit.

Government Initiatives

The Indian government has taken multiple initiatives and implemented various policies to promote renewable energy generation in the country. In June 2021, India launched the Mission Innovation CleanTech Exchange, a global initiative that will create a whole network of incubators across member countries to accelerate clean energy innovation.

Some of the initiatives are :

  • The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy set off the Rooftop Solar Program Phase II in July 2021 to support and encourage rooftop solar (RTS) establishments across the country, especially in provincial regions, to introduce a 4,000 MW of RTS limit in the private area by 2022.
  • Renewable energy has a share of 26.53% of the total installed generation capacity in the country.
  • In the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) in July 2021, gave approval to NTPC Renewable Energy Ltd. to build a 4,750-MW renewable energy park at the Rann of Kutch in Khavada, Gujarat, which will be India’s largest solar park.
  • The government in November 2021, announced future plans to increase funding for the PLI scheme for domestic solar cells and module manufacturing to Rs. 24,000 crore (US$ 3.17 billion) from the existing Rs. 4,500 crore (US$ 594.68 million).
  • The government plans to increase funding for the PLI scheme for domestic solar cells and module manufacturing to Rs. 24,000 crore (US$ 3.17 billion) from the existing Rs. 4,500 crore (US$ 594.68 million).
  • The Government of India has announced plans to implement a US$ 238 million National Mission on advanced ultra-supercritical technologies for cleaner coal utilisation.

Renewable Industry in India

India saw the fastest development rate in sustainable power capacity expansion among all significant economies in the last 7.5 years with environmentally friendly power limits developing at 1.97x and sun oriented energy at 18x. It is home to one of the top energy-efficient organizations.

Tata Power Solar Systems Ltd. is important for the Tata Group and is the biggest coordinated solar power player in the country. It has three separate business segments – manufacturing of solar cells and modules, engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) for solar power projects and other solar products. It gives modified and concentrated solutions for different areas like education, banking, healthcare, telecom, and so forth and works in both rustic and metropolitan
regions. Tata Power has a limit of 12.8 GW, of which 3.9 GW is presently from clean energy, and it intends to contribute 80% by 2030.

Suzlon is one of India’s driving environmentally friendly power organizations. Its administrations range from the whole existence of wind energy projects. It plans, creates, and produces wind turbine generators (WTGs). It also provides allied services, providing it with a strong presence across the wind power value chain.

ReNew Power Ventures works as an autonomous power producer. The organization participates in the age of non-traditional energy through solar and wind power. It offers its ability to state electricity boards and huge industrial organizations in India. It was established in 2011 and initiated activities in 2012 with its most memorable venture with a capacity of delivering 25.20 MW from Jasdan, Gujarat. Renew Power has a limit of more than 8.65 GW of wind and sun
based power resources, of this, more than 5.44 GW is now functional the nation over.


The future of clean energy looks brilliant. With the world being more comprehensive of environmentally friendly power limits, clean and green energy sources are compensating for over one-third of globally installed power capacity. The Indian sustainable energy sector is the fourth most appealing sustainable power market on the planet. India was positioned fourth in wind power, fifth in solar power and fourth in renewable power installed capacity, as of 2020.

With the total population developing quickly and the steadily expanding interest for energy and inexhaustible sources, businesses are moving to reasonable energy answers for tracking down the responses, alongside safeguarding the climate. A lot of evaluation is being embraced to upgrade clean energy’s infrastructure and storage capabilities. By 2050, clean, renewable energy could replace fossil fuels. The take-up of clean energy is going on national as well as worldwide levels. Urban areas and states are making strategies to support clean energy use.

Green energy is arising as the future for the power needs arise of mankind across the globe. The reducing petroleum derivatives supply is driving us toward green, and environmentally friendly power. With proceeded advancement headway, the cost will fall, and opportunities will be created to devise and install these new power solutions.

Technological advancements are making energy more available than at any other time. With additional individuals and associations perceiving the natural, cultural, and financial advantages of clean energy, many states and nations are undertaking the initiative to sign a green power agenda this will proceed to progress and guide them on the way to supportability. Therefore, manageable energy sources will represent half of our worldwide energy blend by 2030. This change will empower the world to meet its developing energy needs more economically, consequently making a cleaner, greener and better future.

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