The Agricultural Mechanization Trends in India

Agriculture
  • Agriculture Sector in India employs ~ 52% of total work force, contributing to 15% of GDP in 2015 – 2016 (at constant price of 2011-12).
  • It provides food to 1.3 billion population with just an average farm size of less than 1.08 ha.
  • Agricultural mechanization is growing @ 7.5% per anum and valued at ~ US$ 9 Billion in 2018 – 2019, dominance of Small and Marginal land holdings (< 2.0 ha) is one of the key bottleneck for rapid mechanization in India.
  • Now a days, seedbed preparation operation is highly mechanized (more than 50%) for major crops whereas harvesting and threshing operation is the least mechanized (lower than 30%) for major crops except for rice and wheat crops.
  • There are ~250 medium to large scale units, 2,500 small scale industries, 15,000 tiny industries and about 100,000 village level artisans involved in manufacturing farm machinery and equipment used for mechanization of different operation.
  • Government of India promoting agricultural mechanization to improve productivity. Key initiatives include
    • Promotion and Strengthening of Agricultural Mechanization through Training, Testing and Demonstration
    • Demonstration, Training and Distribution of Post Harvest Technology and Management (PHTM)
    • Financial Assistance for Procurement of Agriculture Machinery and Equipment
    • Establish Farm Machinery Banks for Custom Hiring
    • Establish Hi-Tech, High Productive Equipment Hub for Custom Hiring
    • Promotion of Farm Mechanization in Selected Villages of every states
    • Financial Assistance for Promotion of Mechanized Operations/hectare Carried out Through Custom Hiring Centers

Field Operation Wise Major Farm Mechanization Equipment Used

  • Bucket Scrapper
  • Cultivator
  • Rotary Tiller
  • Disc / Power Harrow
  • Fertilizer Broadcaster
  • Compost Spreader
  • Disc / Mouldboard Plough
  • Land Leveller
  • Post Hole Digger
  • Paddling With Full / Half Cage Wheel
  • Terrace Blade
  • Sub Soiler
  • Seed Drill
  • Hydraulic Digger
  • Seed Cum Fertilizer Drill
  • Trans planter
  • Mist Blower
  • Boom Sprayer
  • Sprayers
  • Thresher
  • Self Propelled Platform
  • Combine Harvester